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Law in Numbers

Numbers and Statistics plays a vital role in every fields of human activity including Law. Statistics has important role in determining the existing position when assessed as compared to population, crime rate, growth in commercial activity and disputes arising therefrom in a State or pan country. Now statistics holds a central position in almost every field like Industry, Commerce, Trade, Physics, Chemistry, Economics, Mathematics, Biology, Botany, Psychology, Astronomy etc…, so application of statistics is quite vital and very wide.

Map of India
Map of India
India: At a Glance
CapitalNew Delhi
Area32,87,263 sq.km
Area wise in the world7th
LocationIndia extends between latitudes 8o4’N and 37o6’N. It is a country of the east with its landmass lying beteen longitudes 68o7’E and 97o25’E.
Stretch3,214 Kilometers from north to south
2,933 Kilometers from east to west
Land Frontier15,200 km
Coastline7516.5 km
Neighbouring CountriesIndia shares its political borders with Pakistan and Afghanistan on the west and Bangladesh and Myanmar on the east. The northern boundary is made up of the Sinkiang province of China, Tibet, Nepal and Bhutan. India is seperated from Sri Lanka by a narrow channel of sea formed by the Palk Strait and Gulf of Mannar
Physical FeatureThe mainland consists of four well-defined regions: (i)The great mountain zone,
(ii)The Indo-Gangetic plain,
(iii)The desert region and
(iv)The Southern Peninsula
RiversThe main rivers of the Himalayan group are the Indus, the Ganga and the Brahmaputra.
ClimateThere are four seasons which are recognised by the India Meteorological department. They are – Cold weather, hot weather, rainy season and the season of the retreating south-west monsoon.
FaunaApprox. 89,451 species
National Parks94
Wildlife Sanctuaries501
Official LanguagesHindi
Population (2015)127 Crore (17% of the world’s population)
Populationwise place in the world2nd
Population density324 person per square kilometer
Population growth21.34 %
Sex Ratio933 females per 1000 males
Literacy65.38 %
Male Literacy75.85 %
Female Literacy54.16 %


Indian Economy in Numbers
Gross Domestic Product,GDPRs.12,09,73,00,00,00,000(Rs.120 Lakh Crore)
World Rank as per GDP9th
World Rank as per Purchasing Power Parity, PPP3rd
World Rank as Exporter19th
World Rank as Importer10th
Size of Retail MarketRs.28 Lakh Crore
World Rank in production of Milk, Pulses & Jute1st
Size of Road Network43 lakh Kms.
World Rank in Road Network3rd
Railways Network114,500 Kms.
World Rank in Rail Network4th
Telephone Subscribers92.5 Crore
World Rank in Pool of Scientists and Engineers2nd
% of population < 25 yrs.> 50%
Postal NetworkIndia has the World’s largest postal network in the world with 1,55,618 Post Offices and over 5,66,000 employees
Number of domestic Air Travelers7.5 Crore per Annum
Official Gold reserve560 Tonne, World’s 10th Largest Gold Reserve
India’s Forex ReserveRs. 1,74,49,72,60,00,000(Rs.17 Lakh Crore)
India’s Software Export46,74,03,37,50,000(Rs.4.6 Lakh Crore)and growing by 10% pa
Number of domestic Air Travelers7.5 Crore per Annum
Size of Indian Banking IndustryRs.7,70,00,00,00,00,000(Rs.77 Lakh Crore)
Indian Laws in Number
Number of Laws in IndiaAbout 34,475 laws
Number of States and UTs29 States and 7 UTs
Number of Cities & Towns15,015
Number of Court Complexs2500
Number of Judges15,115 as against sanctioned strength of 19,518
Number of Judges per 10 Lakh Population10.5 as compared to 100 in USA and 150 in Europe
Number of Cases pending in Courts3,13,65,409
Number of Districts676
Police Stations in India15,015
Number of Women Police Station529
Police Strength in India17,31,537 actual as against sanctioned strength of 22,43,288. meaning thereby 5,11,751 posts lying unfilled
Police strength per 100 sq.km.54.7
Police strength per 1 lakh population141
Number of Persons Arrested80,01,540
Number of Rapes per hour4
Value of Property StolenRs.1,32,19,31,00,000(Rs.13,210 Crore) of which property worth Rs.17,62,70,00,000(1,762 Crore) was recovered
Number of Guns in IndiaAbout 4,00,00,000(4 Crore) both Licensed and illegal combined together as compared to 31 Crore in USA
Number of Registered Firearms63,00,000(63 lakh)
Number of Firearms with Defence Forces26 Lakh
Number of Firearms with Police Forces17 Lakh
Number of Firearms Deaths2008: 6,219
2007: 7,603
2006: 8,089
2005: 8,469
2004: 11,220
2003: 10,363
2002: 12,361
2001: 11,102
2000: 11,519
1999: 12,147
Number of Accidental Gun Deaths2008: 1,639
2007: 2,046
2006: 2,161
2005: 2,254
2004: 2,283
2003: 1,993
2002: 2,597
2001: 2,688
2000: 2,634
1999: 2,303
Number of Crime Committed,201366,50,000 Cases
Number of Murders,201333,201. UP alone had 5,047 Murders
Number of Crime against Women3.09 Lakh
Number of Crime against Children58,224
Number of Crime against SC & ST46,201
Number of Crime by Children35,856
Number of Cyber Crime5,600
Number of Jails1391
Number of Inmates capacity of Jails3.47 Lakh
Number of Foreigners lodged in Jails6700
States with Highest Jail InmatesUttar Pradesh – 83,518, MP – 34,000, Bihar – 31,000
Number of Firearms with Police Forces17 Lakh
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